In 1873 Remington introduced the first "type-writer" in the U.S. and used the name as a brand. Consequently, when the American Writing Machine Company introduced its competition, it had to be called a "writing machine." If events had played out differently, these kind of devices might well have been known as "caligraphs" today.
The Caligraph 1 was introduced in 1880, but wrote in capitals only. It stayed in production until 1896, but was eclipsed in sales by the New Century model, which featured a double keyboard with separate keys for lower- and upper-case letters.