with apologies to Ogden Nash...
One question — with the shipyards being on the Great Lakes, how did the vessels get out to salt water?
Thanks for the question. Long before the Seaway project there were a series of canals built along the rapids from Cornwall and Montreal dating back to the late 1700s!https://greatlakes-seaway.com/en/the-seaway/300-years-history/
I knew about the several Welland Canals over the years, but they wouldn't have helped a shipyard in Toronto.I live in Wisconsin, where the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company north of Milwaukee built 28 Gato- and Balao-class submarines for the Navy in WW 2. These too needed to get out to salt water. After launch these sailed down Lake Michigan to Chicago and were put into a floating drydock which took them to New Orleans via the Chicago Sanitary Canal, the Illinois River, and the Mississippi.Lots more here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manitowoc_Shipbuilding_CompanyMy wife and I spent a night aboard the USS Cobia, a Gato sub afloat at the Wisconsin Maritime Museum. (The Cobia, however, was not built in Manitowoc, but is the same as the Gatos that were.) That was quite an experience.https://www.wisconsinmaritime.org/programs-and-events/stay-on-the-sub/The Navy also converted two side-wheel passenger ships to aircraft carriers, but these remained on the lakes. One of the pilots who trained on a lake carrier was George H.W. Bush. Some 130+ aircraft went into Lake Michigan; some were retrieved. https://www.thealpenanews.com/news/local-news/2023/02/when-aircraft-carriers-sailed-lake-michigan/
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